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JSF defines the FacesContext abstract base class for representing all of the contextual information associated with processing an incoming request, and creating the corresponding response. When writing unit test cases for a JSF application there might be a need to mock some of FacesContext static methods. The following post will illustrate how to do this using PowerMock, which is a framework that allows you to extend mock libraries like EasyMock with extra capabilities. In this case the capability to mock the static methods of FacesContext.

Tools used:

  • JUnit 4.11
  • EasyMock 3.2
  • PowerMock 1.5
  • Maven 3

The code sample is built and run using Maven. Specified below is the Maven POM file which contains the needed dependencies for JUnit, EasyMock and PowerMock. In addition the PowerMock support module for JUnit ('powermock-module-junit4') and the PowerMock API for EasyMock ('powermock-api-easymock') dependencies need to be added as specified here.

As the FacesContext class is used in this code sample, dependencies to the EL (Expression Language) API and JSF specification API are also included.

Note that the version of JUnit is not the latest as there seems to be a bug where PowerMock doesn’t recognize the correct JUnit version when using JUnit 4.12.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
    xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
    <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>

    <groupId>com.codenotfound</groupId>
    <artifactId>easymock-powermock-facescontext</artifactId>
    <version>1.0</version>
    <packaging>jar</packaging>

    <name>EasyMock - Mocking FacesContext using PowerMock</name>
    <url>https://codenotfound.com/2014/11/easymock-mocking-facescontext-using.html</url>

    <properties>
        <project.build.sourceEncoding>UTF-8</project.build.sourceEncoding>
        <java.version>1.8</java.version>

        <junit.version>4.11</junit.version>
        <easymock.version>3.2</easymock.version>
        <powermock.version>1.5.6</powermock.version>

        <el.version>2.2.1-b04</el.version>
        <jsf.version>2.2.8-02</jsf.version>

        <maven-compiler-plugin.version>3.1</maven-compiler-plugin.version>
    </properties>

    <dependencies>
        <!-- JUnit -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>junit</groupId>
            <artifactId>junit</artifactId>
            <version>${junit.version}</version>
            <scope>test</scope>
        </dependency>
        <!-- EasyMock -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.easymock</groupId>
            <artifactId>easymock</artifactId>
            <version>${easymock.version}</version>
            <scope>test</scope>
        </dependency>
        <!-- PowerMock -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.powermock</groupId>
            <artifactId>powermock-module-junit4</artifactId>
            <version>${powermock.version}</version>
            <scope>test</scope>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.powermock</groupId>
            <artifactId>powermock-api-easymock</artifactId>
            <version>${powermock.version}</version>
            <scope>test</scope>
        </dependency>
        <!-- EL (Unified Expression Language) -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>javax.el</groupId>
            <artifactId>el-api</artifactId>
            <version>${el.version}</version>
            <scope>test</scope>
        </dependency>
        <!-- JSF -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>com.sun.faces</groupId>
            <artifactId>jsf-api</artifactId>
            <version>${jsf.version}</version>
        </dependency>
    </dependencies>

    <build>
        <plugins>
            <plugin>
                <groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>
                <artifactId>maven-compiler-plugin</artifactId>
                <version>${maven-compiler-plugin.version}</version>
                <configuration>
                    <source>${java.version}</source>
                    <target>${java.version}</target>
                </configuration>
            </plugin>
        </plugins>
    </build>
</project>

The SomeBean class below contains two methods that make use of FacesContext. The first addMessage() method will create a new FacesMessage and add it to the FacesContext. The second logout() method will invalidate the current session.

package com.codenotfound.easymock;

import javax.faces.application.FacesMessage;
import javax.faces.application.FacesMessage.Severity;
import javax.faces.bean.ManagedBean;
import javax.faces.bean.SessionScoped;
import javax.faces.context.FacesContext;

@ManagedBean
@SessionScoped
public class SomeBean {

    public void addMessage(Severity severity, String summary, String detail) {
        FacesContext.getCurrentInstance().addMessage(null,
                new FacesMessage(severity, summary, detail));
    }

    public String logout() {
        FacesContext.getCurrentInstance().getExternalContext()
                .invalidateSession();

        return "logout?faces-redirect=true";
    }
}

Next is the SomeBeanTest JUnit test class. The class is annotated using two annotations. The first @RunWith annotation tells JUnit to run the test using PowerMockRunner. The second @PrepareForTest annotation tells PowerMock to prepare to mock the FacesContext class. If there are multiple classes to be prepared for mocking, they can be specified using a comma separated list.

In the setup() method a number of objects are specified that are similar for the two test cases. The mockStatic() method is called in order to tell PowerMock to mock all static methods of the given FacesContext class. In addition the FacesContext and ExternalContext mock objects are created.

Next are the two test cases which follow the basic EasyMock testing steps:

Step Action
1 Call expect(mock.[method call]).andReturn([result]) for each expected call
2 Call mock.[method call], then EasyMock.expectLastCall() for each expected void call
3 Call replay(mock) to switch from “record” mode to “playback” mode
4 Call the test method
5 Call verify(mock) to assure that all expected calls happened

In addition to this, the first addMessage() test case uses the Capture capability of EasyMock in order to test whether a FacesMessage with the correct values was added to the FacesContext. The second testLogout() test case checks if the correct redirect was returned.

package com.codenotfound.easymock;

import static org.easymock.EasyMock.capture;
import static org.easymock.EasyMock.createMock;
import static org.easymock.EasyMock.expect;
import static org.easymock.EasyMock.expectLastCall;
import static org.easymock.EasyMock.replay;
import static org.easymock.EasyMock.verify;
import static org.junit.Assert.assertEquals;
import static org.junit.Assert.assertNull;

import javax.faces.application.FacesMessage;
import javax.faces.context.ExternalContext;
import javax.faces.context.FacesContext;

import org.easymock.Capture;
import org.junit.Before;
import org.junit.Test;
import org.junit.runner.RunWith;
import org.powermock.api.easymock.PowerMock;
import org.powermock.core.classloader.annotations.PrepareForTest;
import org.powermock.modules.junit4.PowerMockRunner;

@RunWith(PowerMockRunner.class)
@PrepareForTest({ FacesContext.class })
public class SomeBeanTest {

    private SomeBean someBean;

    private FacesContext facesContext;
    private ExternalContext externalContext;

    @Before
    public void setUp() throws Exception {
        someBean = new SomeBean();

        // mock all static methods of FacesContext using PowerMockito
        PowerMock.mockStatic(FacesContext.class);

        facesContext = createMock(FacesContext.class);
        externalContext = createMock(ExternalContext.class);
    }

    @Test
    public void testAddMessage() {
        // create Capture instances for the clientId and FacesMessage parameters
        // that will be added to the FacesContext
        Capture<String> clientIdCapture = new Capture<String>();
        Capture<FacesMessage> facesMessageCapture = new Capture<FacesMessage>();

        expect(FacesContext.getCurrentInstance()).andReturn(facesContext)
                .once();
        // expect the call to the addMessage() method and capture the arguments
        facesContext.addMessage(capture(clientIdCapture),
                capture(facesMessageCapture));
        expectLastCall().once();

        // replay the class (not the instance)
        PowerMock.replay(FacesContext.class);
        replay(facesContext);

        someBean.addMessage(FacesMessage.SEVERITY_ERROR, "error",
                "something went wrong");

        // verify the class (not the instance)
        PowerMock.verify(FacesContext.class);
        verify(facesContext);

        // check the value of the clientId that was passed
        assertNull(clientIdCapture.getValue());

        // retrieve the captured FacesMessage
        FacesMessage captured = facesMessageCapture.getValue();
        // check if the captured FacesMessage contains the expected values
        assertEquals(FacesMessage.SEVERITY_ERROR, captured.getSeverity());
        assertEquals("error", captured.getSummary());
        assertEquals("something went wrong", captured.getDetail());
    }

    @Test
    public void testLogout() {
        expect(FacesContext.getCurrentInstance()).andReturn(facesContext)
                .once();
        expect(facesContext.getExternalContext()).andReturn(externalContext)
                .once();
        // expect the call to the invalidateSession() method
        externalContext.invalidateSession();
        expectLastCall().once();

        // replay the class (not the instance)
        PowerMock.replay(FacesContext.class);
        replay(facesContext);
        replay(externalContext);

        assertEquals("logout?faces-redirect=true", someBean.logout());

        // verify the class (not the instance)
        PowerMock.verify(FacesContext.class);
        verify(facesContext);
        verify(externalContext);
    }
}

In order to run the above test cases, open a command prompt and execute following Maven command:

mvn test

github mark If you would like to run the above code sample you can get the full source code here.

This concludes the mocking FacesContext using EasyMock and PowerMock example. If you found this post helpful or have any questions or remarks, please leave a comment.

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